Digging for profits: Who owns PH mines?


Name of mining firm: Benguet Corp.
Location: Itogon, Benguet
Scope of operations: Itogon, Benguet; Sta. Cruz, Zambales; Baguio City; Bagac, Bataan; Zamboanga del Sur; Surigao del Sur
Start of operations: Aug. 12, 1903
Metals extracted/mine products: Nickel, gold, silver and limestone
Mine production (2020): 243 kilograms of gold valued at P687,320,237 and 107 kilograms of silver valued at P3,600,833
Total manpower complement: 853



Incorporation date: June 18, 1956
Stock market listing date: Jan. 4, 1950
No. of stockholders: 16,906

Top five stockholders: 
PCD Nominee Corp.
F-Yap Securities Inc.
First Metro Investment Corp.
F. Yap Securities Inc.
Philex Mining Corp

Chairperson of the Board: Villegas, Bernardo M.

Editor's Note: Benguet Corp. was under the control of the Romualdez family until the administration of President Rodrigo Duterte, when Benjamin Philip and Daniel Andrew Romualdez, sons of alleged Marcos crony Benjamin “Kokoy” Romualdez, left the company after decades of fighting government sequestration. Benjamin Philip Romualdez is the husband of Sandy Prieto-Romualdez, president and CEO of the Philippine Daily Inquirer.



Current assets: P813.43 million (2019)
Current liabilities: P1.11 billion (2019)
Total revenue: P802.07 million (2019)
Revenue from sale of nickel, gold, silver and limestone: P747.77 million (2019)
Net income: P115.74 million (2019)



Despite Lopez’s closure order, Benguet Corp. continued operations after filing an appeal with the Office of the President. Read PCIJ’s full story here.



Municipality class of mining location: Itogon, Benguet (1st class)
Population: 59,820 (2015 Census)
Poverty incidence rate: 6.3% (2015)
Human Development Index: 0.88 (2012, provincial)
Indigenous peoples living within or near the mining location: Ibaloy, Kankaney

Itogon is a mining town and host to the first large-scale mining operations in the Philippines, Benguet Corp. Other major mining companies such as Philex Mining Corp. and Macawiwili Gold Mining and Development Company also operate in Itogon.



Philippine mines continue unhampered 4 years after Gina’s shutdown order
Itogon residents sue Benguet Corporation  
Benguet Corp: Small scale miners in Itogon ignored warnings
Philippines 'not fit' for open-pit mining: Gina Lopez



Financial Statement, Benguet Corp. and Subsidiaries, 2019
Annual Report, Benguet Corp., 2019
List of existing Mineral Production Sharing Agreements, Mining and Geosciences Bureau
Philippine Metallic Mineral Production, Mines and Geosciences Bureau
Poverty and socioeconomic indicators, Philippines Statistics Authority


Note: The Human Development Index is a measure of how well a country has performed, not only in terms of real income growth, but also in terms of social indicators that measure people's ability to lead a long and healthy life, acquire knowledge and skills, and have access to resources needed to afford a decent standard of living. An HDI value below 0.550 is considered low and below 0.399 is very low. The national average for the Philippines is 0.718 as of 2020.

This article was produced with the support of Internews' Earth Journalism Network.