THE ISSUANCE on July 23, 2016 of Executive Order No. 2 on Freedom of Information drew support from the Right to Know, Right Now! Coalition as a signal of the commitment of the Duterte Administration to respect and promote the people’s right to access information in the Executive Branch.

The Coalition was hopeful that EO No. 2 (“Operationalizing In The Executive Branch The People’s Constitutional Right To Information And The State Policies To Full Public Disclosure And Transparency In The Public Service And Providing Guidelines Therefor”) will send a strong message for the Senate and the House of Representatives to finally ensure the swift passage of the FOI Law that could cover all the branches and agencies of the government.

Close to the deadline for all Executive offices to roll out their “People’s FOI Manuals”, in November 2016 the Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO) launched yet another ambitious undertaking — an eFOI Portal that would host access-to-information requests from citizens, and the corresponding action taken by state agencies on the same.

EO No. 2, the People’s FOI Manuals, and the eFOI Portal are transparency tools that the Duterte Administration have offered citizens to ease the process of accessing information vested with public interest.

But nine months after EO No. 2’s momentous birth, and four months after its full rollout, the Right to Know Coalition’s informed judgment is that the Duterte Adminisration’s work on the FOI front is far from done.

In truth, based on six parallel “FOI Practice” projects undertaken by our CSO members, an omnibus request for and analysis of the FOI Manuals of 22 Executive departments and offices, and a study of the curated requests posted on the eFOI Portal, the Right to Know. Right Now! Coalition finds that a mix of forward, backward, and side steps have defined the compliance by Executive offices with EO No. 2.

Given these findings, the Right to Know. Right Now! Coalition affirms that there is greater urgency for Congress to enact, without any further delay, the passage of the FOI Law.

The core value of any FOI initiative is how much it could effectively and efficiently assist and affirm the citizen’s right to access information, but also how far it could oblige and require state agencies and officials to disclose information. In both cases, or for both citizens and public officials, the process should be quick and easy, and the desired result, sunshine or full transparency.

Indeed, access and disclosure are two equal parts of the FOI equation. It is thus premature to claim victory for FOI, on acocunt of EO No. 2 alone, because the one, true treshhold that the state must hurdle is how far and how much it has nurtured a culture of openness and transparency in all its parts.

The Right to Know. Right Now! Coalition has taken steps to actually test compliance with EO No. 2 against this threshold, through multiple, parallel initiatives by our members.

Six “FOI Practice” projects of our CSO members during the first three months from its full rollout in November 2016 have yielded mixed results of slow to quick action by various agencies on requests for information.

The Coalition filed an omnibus request for copies of the People’s FOI Manuals of 22 Executive departments and offices but less than half responded positively, and the others said they did not have Manuals as yet. The “exceptions” enrolled in some of these Manuals have raised concern among us that some agencies would want to remain opaque than open.

Our analysis of data in the eFOI Portal that for now hosts 64 agencies, out of 503 requests posted online as of March 14, 2017, up to 183 requests had been denied, 166 granted, and 154 more “pending or for processing”.

On one hand, some offices failed to comply with the clear directive and deadline to provide an FOI Manual and identify the responsible officers in the FOI chain. Some others did not even acknowledge requests sent via email or fax, nor even answer phone calls. Too, there were agency FOI Manuals that enrolled additional grounds for denial that have no basis in the Constitution, the statutes or jurisprudence. It took some agencies weeks and months on end to respond to requests, or well beyond the 15 working days deadline that the laws and EO No. 2 had imposed.

On the other hand, there were also offices that took to heart compliance with the letter and spirit of EO No. 2. While they constitute only a minority of the agencies that had been approached by members of the Coalition, these offices deserve our highest commendation. They promptly and professionally acknowledged letter requests, answered queries, and responded to requests sans the need for multiple follow-ups.

One take-away from our FOI Practice projects stands out: If public officials and agencies mean to do it, appreciate and understand just how important it is to them as much as to citizens, FOI is a good, easy goal to achieve.

In gist, the Right to Know. Right Now! Coalition deems it too early for the Duterte Administration to claim its FOI project as a feather in its cap. It would be more propitious to say though that it has taken the first, major steps to lay the foundation for a regime of transparency through EO No. 2, the People’s FOI Manuals of executive offices, and its eFOI Portal.

Much work lies ahead for both the citizens and the government on the FOI front. A central common task that must be achieved promptly is the passage of the FOI Law. In this, the Senate and the House of Representatives must not falter and fail anymore than their predecessors in five prior Congresses did.

The Right to Know. Right Now! Coalition has waged a 15-year campaign to have the FOI Law passed and with his EO No. 2 as his signal move, President Rodrigo R. Duterte must now, in words as in deeds, push with vigor the passage of the FOI Law by his “super majority” in both legislative chambers.

As best we could and by the standards of transparency, accountability, and good governance, the Right to Know. Right Now! Coalition commits to assist the Executive branch improve its FOI mechanisms. This commitment rests, however, on our hope that the Duterte Administration will relentlessly pursue its FOI project across all Executive offices.

Just as important, the Right to Know. Right Now! Coaltion enjoins the citizens, CSOs, academe, the private sector, and all sectors to engage in FOI practice and join the campaign for the passage of an authentic FOI Law.

While full congratulations are not yet in order in the fight for FOI, we offer a partner’s pat on the back to public officials and civil servants in the Executive and Legislative branches who continue to labor tirelessly to ensure that we achieve big and small victories steadily and constantly in our shared journey to an authentic FOI regime.

17 March 2017

Atty. Eirene Jhone E. Aguila, Co-Convenor
0919 999 4578

Ms. Malou Mangahas, Co-Convenor

Ms. Jenina Joy Chavez, Co-Convenor
0918 902 6716

Human Rights

The European Union today has expressed ‘significant concerns’ over the human rights situation in the Philippines during the 34th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva.

The EU has called on the Philippine government over the ‘very high number’ of deaths related to the drug war of President Rodrigo Duterte and urged the country not to revive capital punishment. It also voiced opposition to a bill that seeks to lower the age of criminal liability from 15 years to nine years old.

Here’s an excerpt of EU’s speech on the Philippines:

The EU is seriously concerned about the human rights situation in the Philippines. The EU enjoys traditionally close bonds with the Philippines based on shared values and interests and acknowledges a number of positive initiatives taken by the government, namely the renewed impetus on the peace processes. The EU also acknowledges that the fight against drug crime is a priority issue of serious concern to the government. However, the EU expresses significant concerns regarding the very high number of killings in this fight. The EU reiterates the importance of implementing the fight against drug crime in accordance with the rule of law and in respect of human rights. This must include the right to due process and safeguarding the right to life as well as the respect of the proportionality principle. The EU also calls for the protection of Human Rights Defenders and underlines the importance of freedom of expression and opinion. The EU calls on the Philippines to respect its obligations under international law and not to adopt bills reintroducing the death penalty or on lowering the age of criminal responsibility to 9 years currently under discussion in the Philippines.

The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system made up of 47 States responsible for the promotion and protection of all human rights around the globe.

March 15, 2017 · Posted in: General

In Memory of Joaquin Briones

A Fate Worse Than Death: Jailed For Serial Libel Suits

by Rowena C. Paraan

MA. THERESA Briones thinks it’s bad enough that her father had to spend five years in jail – including two years with hardened criminals – because something he wrote offended someone. But now five libel cases are again hovering over her father’s head, and 22-year-old Theresa can’t help but cry.

Joaquin Briones Jr. is a journalist in Masbate. He was convicted on six counts of libel in 2000, for which he was sentenced to 12 years and six months in jail. After serving almost half of his 12-year, six-month sentence, he applied for and was granted parole in 2005, enabling him to be reunited with his family, which includes Theresa and her four siblings.

Last April 22, however, Masbate Vice Governor Vince Revil filed two libel complaints against Ronnie Valladores, managing editor and columnist of the local paper Masbate Tribune, and Briones as its publisher. More recently, the Masbate Electric Cooperative (Maselco) filed three more libel cases against Briones.

On August 3, Revil also sent a formal complaint regarding Briones. Addressing the Board of Pardons and Parole (BPP), the Masbate official asked that Briones be arrested and recommitted due to the new cases allegedly involving him.

Informed and ready

IF FACED with a libel charge, especially if intended to harass and silence critical reports, it would be wise for journalists to take note of the following:

1. Familiarize yourself with the Philippine libel law, including previous court rulings on libel. Also knowing how the legal system works would help you know what to expect and how to deal with the labyrinth called the Philippine judicial system.

2. Know in advance the lawyers who can help you, particularly those who have handled libel cases before. You may also want to get somebody with extensive experience on human rights or media law.

3. If a libel complaint against you has been filed with the prosecutor, file a counter-affidavit stating your good intentions and justifiable motives for writing the article concerned. And the complainant files a reply, then be ready with your own rejoinder.

4. If the prosecutor resolves the complaint in favor of the complainant, you may want to file a Petition for Review with the justice department.

5. The bail for libel case is P10,000 for every count. Have the amount ready if you feel that the prosecutor will decide against you. Once you learn that a warrant has been issued, you can go and post bail, together with your lawyer, without waiting for the warrant to be served. It may also be practical to get a copy of the form for posting bail in advance. Find out in advance as well where you need to post the bail, especially if the warrant is served after the end of the business hours. The point is not to spend a minute in jail and having the form ready and knowing where to go would save time.

6. While the legal steps are important, sometimes extra-legal actions go a long way in pressuring the complainant to withdraw or create a condition that would lead to a favorable decision.

7. Mobilize media organizations for support – local ones like the National Union of Journalists of the Philippines and Center for Media Freedom and responsibility, international ones like SEAPA, Article XIX, Committee to Protect Journalists, and Reporters Sans Frontieres.

8. If convicted by a trial court, don’t forget that you only have 15 days to file an appeal with the higher courts.

“His wanton disrespect of the law by malicious publications is a clear and imminent threat to the welfare of the community,” wrote Revil. “The cases filed were of the same nature as that wherein he was convicted – libel cases. Clearly, the parolee has not shown that he has reformed.” Singled out

The newly established Masbate chapter of the National Union of Journalists of the Philippines (NUJP), however, sees the situation another way. In a statement dated August 18, the NUJP-Masbate chapter said the vice governor had “singled out Briones for retaliation, exploiting the vulnerability of the local publisher’s parole to exact vengeance” for the apparently hard-hitting articles directed at Revil in the Masbate media.

It added that the Briones case is a “perfect example of how the high and mighty in Masbate regard the media” and a “telling commentary on the true nature of many of our local politicians, who see public office not as a public trust but a private endowment.”

As it is, the NUJP-Masbate chapter noted, the killings of two journalists in the island province: broadcaster Nelson Nadura on December 2, 2003 and print reporter Antonio Castillo on June 12, 2009 – remain unsolved.

Reports are still coming in regarding the articles that had upset Maselco and moved it to file libel cases against Briones. The pieces that prompted Revil’s recent action, meanwhile, were published in the February 1-7, 2009 and February 8-14, 2009 issues of the Masbate Tribune. They commented on the supposed failure of the vice governor, who presides over the provincial board meeting, to submit to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) the board’s resolution opposing the operation of any form of thermal or coal-fired power plant in Masbate.

According to the column, the reason given by Revil’s office for its failure to furnish DENR a copy of the resolution was lack of printer ink and faulty printer. This failure reportedly led to the issuance by DENR of an Environmental Clearance Certification (ECC) to the project.Tragic prospect

Briones, however, says that he was no longer publisher of Masbate Tribune at the time the columns about Revil came out. As proof, he presents a deed of quitclaim and waiver of rights dated January 30, 2009, which turned over the control of the paper to local businessman Bonifacio Pepito, who had bought the Tribune for P50,000.

PCIJ tried but failed to contact Revil for further comment for this story. Interestingly, NUJP-Masbate says that Revil’s lawyer is his uncle and counsel of Maselco.

Briones, meanwhile, is also moved to tears over the possibility that he could again be thrown back behind bars. But he says he is confident he would be acquitted of the new charges, and even adds that he wants the cases be allowed to run their course – which is quite surprising given his past entanglements with the country’s libel laws.

Briones began his media career in 1996 as a reporter. Then he joined a radio station and later became a commentator in a program he called “Dos por Dos.” By 1998, he had his own newspaper, which he named after his radio program. But he, too, soon received a thrashing of his own – in the form of 13 libel cases.

Then already based in Manila, Briones had to go back to Masbate to attend the twice-weekly hearings on the cases, for which he also hired a private lawyer. But Briones says that he began to notice that whenever he showed up for the hearings, the complainants would allegedly have these postponed. And when he was unable to come, he says, the hearings pushed through — and an arrest warrant would automatically be issued against him because he was absent.

When he was no longer able to afford a private lawyer, Briones turned to the Public Attorney’s Office (PAO) for help. One of the complainants however, filed a motion that disqualified him from availing of PAO services.

Frustrated, Briones says he decided to boycott the subsequent hearings. He later found out that he had already been convicted in five cases and that the period for appeal for these had already lapsed.

Instead of running away, Briones went back to Masbate to serve his sentence. While there, Briones was able to attend the hearings for the rest of the cases, among which one resulted in yet another conviction. The remaining seven were dismissed. Powerless vs poderosoBriones says that at the time, no local journalist dared to write a report favorable to him for fear of reprisal from the complainants, who he described as “poderoso (powerful)” and included provincial directors and board members. He says his media colleagues were even wary of visiting him openly.

For sure, Briones is not the first journalist to languish behind bars because of a libel conviction. Among the more prominent cases is that of Davao broadcaster Alex Adonis, who spent almost two years in prison after being convicted of libel charges filed by the current Speaker of the House Prospero Nograles.

Adonis was granted parole in December 2007 for the Nograles case and posted bail in May 2008 for a second libel case based on the same report, but this time filed by the woman said to be friendly with Nograles. Adonis, however, continued to be kept in the Davao Penal Colony.

In October 2008, Adonis issued a public apology to Nograles, who had reportedly demanded such in return for the journalist’s freedom. It was not until two months later, however, that Adonis was able to finally walk out of prison.

According to human rights lawyer Jose Manuel Diokno, criminal defamation laws impugn both individual and collective rights.

“They unduly restrict not just the individual’s right to liberty and expression but also other basic rights as well,” Diokno writes in a piece included in the book Libel as Politics published by the Center for Media Freedom and Responsibility. “The mere prospect of a criminal libel suit, even without actual prosecution and punishment, is itself abhorrent to individual human rights because of its inevitable chilling effect.” A chilling effect

Similarly, criminal defamation has a chilling effect on collective human rights, he says.

Diokno points out as well that the free flow of information on matters of public concern is crucial to maintaining an informed electorate. “Our laws on criminal libel are so broad and sweeping that they make everyone involved in the delivery of information of public concern a potential criminal,” he says.

Still, there has been a bit of good news of late. Earlier this year, the Supreme Court came out with Administrative Circular No. 8, which stressed the high tribunal’s preference for fines rather than imprisonment for those found guilty of libel.

Under Article 355 of the Revised Penal Code, libel is punishable with minimum to medium term imprisonment or a fine ranging from P200 to P6,000, or both, in addition to civil action which may be brought by the offended party.

According to Supreme Court Spokesman Jose Midas Marquez, the High Court decided to issue the circular – addressed to judges — after noting that most libel cases filed were committed with “honest intentions.”

Says the court circular: “The judges concerned may, in the exercise of sound discretion, and taking into consideration the peculiar circumstances of each case, determine whether the imposition of a fine alone would best serve the interests of justice or whether forbearing to impose imprisonment would depreciate the seriousness of the offense, work violence on the social order, or otherwise be contrary to the imperative of justice.”

Meantime, Ma. Theresa Briones says she understands the risks involved in her father’s work. She even says that journalism is a good profession and that she wants to become one herself one day.

Her father, however, strongly objects to her ever practicing journalism in Masbate. He says he would rather die than have any of his children work as a journalist there.

“In such a small place,” he says, “you’re just too vulnerable to harassment.” – PCIJ, September 2009

(Note: Briones, a columnist of the tabloid Remate, was gunned down by motorcycle-riding killers in Milagros town, Masbate Monday (13 March 2017). He was the third Masbate journalist murdered since 2003 when Nelson Nedura was killed December 2 that year and Antonio Castillo was murdered on June 12, 2009. Jun Briones is the second journalist killed under the Duterte administration both of whom are from the Bicol Region. – National Union of Journalists of the Philippines)

PCIJ stands by its story, “Lascañas pens tell-all journal: Duterte rule ‘a Divine Trap’,” which ran on Feb. 28, 2017.

We take strong exception to unfounded claims of columnist Rigoberto Tiglao of The Manila Times that the story was “fake news” about a “fake journal,” and its release, one “managed” by Sen. Antonio Trillanes II.

Dean Jose Manuel Diokno is the national chairman of the Free Legal Assistance Group (FLAG); he has also been a trustee of PCIJ since 2015. Contrary to Tiglao’s claim, however, neither Atty. Diokno nor any of the FLAG lawyers had anything to do with the writing of the journal of SPO3 Arturo Lascañas or the publication of the PCIJ story.

Senator Trillanes had nothing to do as well with the production and distribution of the PCIJ story.

PCIJ obtained a copy of the journal from Lascañas through sources close to him a fortnight ago. But before running the story on Feb. 27, PCIJ verified the accuracy of its contents from various agencies and in interviews with officers of the Philippine National Police, persons privy to the medical condition of Lascañas since he fell ill in 2015, and, through conduit sources, Lascañas himself.

To validate details mentioned in the journal, the PCIJ obtained information about the retirement benefits that Lascañas received in December 2016, the identities of those had named in his journal, the circumstances surrounding his testimony before the Senate on Oct. 3, 2016, the testimony of DDS whistleblower Edgar Matobato before the Senate on Sept. 15, 2016, and official investigation reports and court records related to the existence of the “Davao Death Squad.”

PCIJ also reviewed the full transcripts of the Senate hearings on Sept. 15 and Oct. 3, 2016, as well as that of his “public confession” at a press conference on Feb. 20, 2017.

For instance:

* PCIJ verified that Lascañas, on “non-duty status” or inactive service since 2015, officially retired from the PNP on Dec. 16, 2016 and confirmed that he was granted retirement benefits of about P3.1 million. He received a third of the amount in cash Christmas time last year.

* Lascañas mentioned the names of seven PNP officers who were allegedly involved in the Davao Death Squad operations. PCIJ verified with the relevant agencies their whereabouts, and checked against the PNP’s official directory of officers in command of PNP units, as of Jan. 17, 2017, that PCIJ had obtained earlier.

* Lascañas wrote that in 1986, he worked as a “personal bodyguard of Mr. Raymund Moreno, a businessman and resident of Forbes Park, Makati. Metro Manila, “who was the owner of Liberty Telecommunications… the business partner of Gen. Fabian Ver, the chief of staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.” Lascañas wrote that later that year, “I became part-time bodyguard of U.S. Army Gen. (John K.) Singlaub with PFC Manuel Salvador and U.S. Air Force Capt. Mike Timpani.”

From mid-1986 to March 1987, Singlaub was in the Philippines “as a private citizen” on a supposed “treasure-hunting” project, together with Timpani, an officer of the US Air Force. A retired U.S. Army major general and head of the former U.S. Council for World Freedom — a lead group in the World Anti-Communist League — Singlaub had set up a private corporation in the Philippines in November 1986. Singalub and Timpani had worked together in various operations overseas, notably in Grenada, Nicaragua, and the Honduras, according to official reports and responses to Freedom of Information Act requests in the United States.

* Lascañas, in his press conference on Feb. 20, had expressed regret over his failure to save his brothers Cecilio and Fernando from being killed for illegal drugs. According to the EdgeDavao business newspaper’s issue of Sept. 2013, Fernando, “an ex-convict,” was killed on September 26, 2013 in an alleged shootout with policemen.

The report filed by Emilord P. Castromayor said that “Fernando B. Lascañas, 42, of No. 36 Jacinto Street, Barangay 21, (was) killed in a shootout with team of led by P Supt. Antonio Rivera, chief of the Investigation Management Branch of the Davao City Police, and SPO3 Jeffrey Bangcas.”

The policemen were responding to reports that Fernando “had been harassing his neighbors” and confronted him but that he “resisted arrest and drew his gun.” A shootout ensued; Fernando sustained gunshot wounds in his body and died. A .45 caliber gun and a magazine were supposedly recovered from the crime scene.

Fernando, according to the police, was involved in illegal drugs together with a certain Zaldy Verano, “who is also an ex-convict.” EdgeDavao did not explain, however, why it tagged Fernando as “an ex-convict.”

There are no published reports on the death of Cecilio Lascañas, though.

The comments of Tiglao regarding what he describes as the journal’s “flawless prose” and the supposed inability of someone like Lascañas to write such are purely speculative on his part.

A police officer of 34 years, Lascañas attended the University of Mindanao College of Law in Davao City from 1990 to 1995 but did not finish a degree in law.

Tiglao was one of nine journalists who co-founded the PCIJ in 1989. He has never worked, however, as a full-time staff in the PCIJ’s 28-year existence.

Instead, Tiglao has served in many capacities as business editor of The Manila Chronicle, Manila correspondent and bureau chief of the Far Eastern Economic Review, columnist of the < strong>Philippine Daily Inquirer, chief of staff and press secretary of then President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, Philippine Ambassador to Greece and Cyprus as an appointee of Mrs. Arroyo, and now columnist of The Manila Times under its new owner, public-relations executive Dante Ang. — PCIJ March 2017

Download (PDF, 278KB)

OVER a decade ago, PCIJ started to document reports of alleged vigilante killings in Davao City under then Mayor Rodrigo Roa Duterte.

In this two-part report by PCIJ fellow Carlos H. Conde published on Dec. 9 and 10, 2003, PCIJ found that, according to the child-rights group Tambayan, “a significant number of those killed have been minors who had been in conflict with the law… at least 104 people, most of them male, have been victims of such extra-judicial killings since August 1998.”

“Of the 41 cases documented by the group from March 1999 to November this year, 20 involved boys who were 18 years old and below,” noted the report titled “Teenagers Perish in Davao’s Killing Fields.”

Tambayan added: “Not one of these cases has been solved, even if the killers said to range from gang members, to ex-rebels, to policemen are known in the local community.”

Part 2 of Conde’s report looked at how poverty has driven a growing number of Davao City’s children to the streets at the time. “The Davao City Local Development Plan for Children (2003-2007) says that in 2000, Davao had 1,505 street children. This figure more than doubled the following year to 3,213,” the report said.

Download (PDF, 5.78MB)

Also in the same year, PCIJ Fellow and MindaNews Editor Carolyn O. Arguillas wrote about Juan “Jun” Pala, the blocktimer-anchor of radio dxGO of the Manila Broadcasting Corp. who was shot dead on Sept. 6, 2003 in Davao City by unidentified gunmen.

In “The Saga of Jun Pala,” Arguillas recounted the life, career, and internecine quarrels on air of the radio anchor with then Mayor Duterte. This story came out in the October-December 2003 issue of PCIJ’s i magazine.

Duterte on Leadership . PCIJ:MindaNews

On June 30, 2016, PCIJ published “Duterte Revisited: What he said in 2011 about drugs, vigilantes, and the so-called “Davao Death Squads.” This report was based on a series of interviews that Arguillas had conducted with the Davao City mayor who was installed as the 16th President of the Philippines that same day.

On Sept. 23, 2016, PCIJ ran a report, “SC rules on DDS case; PNP can search quarry for bodies,” about a 2014 decision of the Supreme Court that confirmed and documented in court dockets the existence of the “Davao Death Squads.”

In its decision issued on Nov. 9, 2014, on “Retired SPO4 Bienvenido Laud vs People of the Philippines.G.R. No. 199032, November 19, 2014,” the high court’s First Division upheld the grant of a search warrant to uncover the bones of six victims who, on the testimony of a first-hand witness, the DDS had killed and buried at the Laud Quarry in Davao City in 2005.


The high court’s ruling has seemingly offered a new window of opportunity for the police and the Commission on Human Rights (CHR) to now resume their investigation into the DDS, on strength of a valid search warrant that has been upheld by the high court no less.

The application for a search warrant had been filed by no other than the Philippine National Police (PNP) itself, through Senior Supt. Roberto Fajardo, then head of the Criminal Investigation and Detection Group (CIDG) in the National Capital Region, and who in 2014 would become chief of the PNP-Anti-Kidnapping Group.

Duterte on Son

In the latest revamp at the police force last July, PNP chief Director General Ronald ‘Bato’ de la Rosa named Fajardo acting deputy director of the Northern Police District.

Curiously, among the lawyers of petitioner Laud in the case was Vitaliano Aguirre II, who is now the justice secretary.

Download (PDF, 166KB)

Just weeks earlier, however, Aguirre, still sounding like a defense lawyer for Laud, commented on what had been found in the Laud property years ago, saying, “The bodies did not prove anything.

In fact, there were statements that they were bodies of people who were executed during the Japanese occupation.” Some of the skeletons, he added, were probably that of animals.— PCIJ February 2017

December 24, 2016 · Posted in: General

Maligaya, Mapayapang Pasko Po!

pcij greetingsdec2016  silver&red


We are the alumni of the University Student Council of the University of the Philippines – Diliman. We are part of an institution with a history that has been defined and molded by the continuing struggle for freedom for the Filipino people.

In the dark times of the regime of the dictator, Ferdinand Marcos, the UPD USC, along with student organizations and publications, was abolished to quell the dissent of the youth against a repressive government. Many student leaders, activists, and journalists were abducted, tortured, raped, and murdered under his authoritarian rule. Upon the restoration of the UPD USC, we continue to call for justice and accountability, especially during these times.

We, former student leaders of the UPD USC, express our strongest condemnation for the burial of the dictator in the resting place of heroes. We stand against the deliberate attempt to revise history and to erase the memory of those who fought for our democracy.

This dishonorable and despicable act must not be countenanced. We hold President Rodrigo Duterte directly responsible. The nine Supreme Court Justices must also be accountable to the people for allowing this to happen.

We call on our fellow Iskolars ng Bayan, past and present, and the Filipino people whom we serve to once again rise up against the Marcoses and their effort to absolve themselves from the evils of their regime.

They may have buried a tyrant, but they can never bury our spirit to fight for the truth.


1. Malou Mangahas, Chairperson (SAMASA), 1980-1981
2. Pepe Alcantara, Chairperson (SAMASA), 1981-1982
3. Chito Gascon, Chairperson (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1985-1986
4. Francis “Kiko” N. Pangilinan, Chairperson (SAMASA), 1986-1987
5. David Celdran, Chairperson (ASA), 1987-1988 / Councilor (SAMASA), 1985-1986, 1986-1987
6. Teddy E.F. Rigoroso, Chairperson (SAMASA), 1993-1994
7. Oliver San Antonio, Chairperson (ISA), 1995-1996
8. Barry Gutierrez, Chairperson (SAMASA), 1996-1997
9. Perci Cendaña, Chairperson (SAMASA), 1997-1998 / Vice Chairperson, 1996-1997 / Councilor, 1995-1996
10. Gian Sambalido, Chairperson (ISA), 1998-1999 / Councilor, 1997-1998
11. Cielo Magno, Chairperson (SAMASA), 1999-2000 / Vice Chairperson, 1998-1999 / Councilor, 1997-1998
12. Mong Palatino, Chairperson (STAND UP), 2000-2001 / Education Representative 1998-1999
13. Nova Z. Navo, Chairperson (STAND UP), 2001-2002 / Councilor, 2000-2001
14. Rommel Romato, Chairperson (STAND UP), 2002-2003
15. JPaul Manzanilla, Chairperson (STAND UP), 2003-2004
16. Marco de los Reyes, Chairperson (STAND UP), 2005-2006
17. Juan Paolo Alfonso, Chairperson (STAND UP), 2006-2007 / Councilor, 2005-2006
18. Shan Abdulwahid, Chairperson (STAND UP), 2007-2008 / Councilor, 2006-2007 / CSSP Representative, 2005-2006
19. Herminio Bagro III, Chairperson (UP ALYANSA), 2008-2009 / Councilor 2007-2008
20. Titus Tan, Chairperson (KAISA-UP), 2009-2010 / Councilor, 2006-2007
21. Rainier Sindayen, Chairperson (STAND UP), 2010-2011
22. Heart Diño, Chairperson (UP ALYANSA), 2012-2013
23. Anna Alexandra Castro, Chairperson, (KAISA-UP), 2013-2014 / Vice Chairperson, 2012-2013
24. Arjay Mercado, Chairperson (UP ALYANSA), 2014-2015 / Councilor, 2013-2014
25. John Paulo delas Nieves, Chairperson (Independent), 2015-2016 / Vice Chairperson, 2014-2015 / Councilor, 2013-2015
26. Bryle Leano, Chairperson (STAND UP), 2016-2017 / Councilor, 2015-2016
27. Emanuel V. Soriano, Vice Chairperson (UPSCA Party), 1957-1958 / Acting Chairperson, 1958-1959 / 14th President of the University of the Philippines, 1979-1981 [Swore in the members of the restored USC in 1980 after it was abolished by Marcos in 1973]
28. Roberto Rafael Pulido, Vice Chairperson (SAMASA), 1984-1985 / Councilor, 1983-1984
29. JJ Samuel A. Soriano, Vice Chairperson (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1985-1986
30. Mardi Mapa-Suplido, Vice Chairperson (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1986-1987
31. Ramon Alberto Nolido, Vice Chairperson (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1987-1988
32. Amor M. Datinguinoo, Vice Chairperson (SAMASA), 1989-1990
33. Roby Alampay, Vice Chairperson (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1990-1991 / USC Councilor, 1988-1989
34. Charmaine G. Ramos, Vice Chairperson (SAMASA), 1991-1992
35. Lorraine Salazar, Vice Chairperson (ISA), 1995-1996
36. Germy Salonga, Vice Chairperson (SAMASA), 1997-1998 / Councilor, 1996-1997
37. Angelico Clerigo, Vice Chairperson (SAMASA), 1999-2000
38. Ninay Festin-Tan, Vice Chairperson (STAND UP), 2000-2001
39. Michael Francis Andrada, Vice Chairperson (STAND UP), 2001-2002
40. Psyche Rizsavi B. Fontanilla-Mamadra, Vice Chairperson (SAMASA / AKMA), 2002-2003 / Councilor (SAMASA), 1999-2000
41. Maria Christina Langit, Vice Chairperson (UP ALYANSA), 2004-2005
42. Chris Lao, Vice Chairperson (Independent), 2005-2006
43. Sandra Jill Santos, Vice Chairperson (STAND UP), 2006-2007 / Councilor, 2005-2006
44. Viktor Samuel Fontanilla, Vice Chairperson (UP ALYANSA), 2007-2008 / CSSP Representative, 2006-2007
45. Airah Cadiogan, Vice Chairperson (STAND UP), 2008-2009
46. Dan Neil Ramos, Vice Chairperson (STAND UP), 2011-2012
47. Julliano Fernando Guiang, Vice Chairperson (KAISA-UP), 2013-2014 / Councilor, 2012-2013
48. Adolfo Jose A. Montesa, Vice Chairperson (UP ALYANSA), 2015-2016 / Councilor, 2014-2015
49. Beata Carolino, Vice Chairperson (STAND UP), 2016-2017 / Councilor, 2015-2016
50. Reynaldo G. Ablanida, Councilor (SAMASA), 1993-1994
51. Apollo Abraham, Councilor (ISA), 1991-1992
52. Marjon Abut, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2015-2016
53. Niña Acasio, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2007-2008 / Engineering Representative, 2006-2007
54. Abraham Rey M. Acosta, Councilor (SAMASA), 1986-1987
55. Ronald Allan Afan, Councilor (STAND UP), 2003-2004
56. Rhona Agtay, Councilor (ISA), 1995-1996
57. Erwin Alampay, Councilor (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1990-1991
58. Gigo Alampay, Councilor (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1984-1985
59. Randi Alampay, Councilor (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1986-1987
60. Eds Alboleras, Councilor (STAND UP), 2006-2007 / CBA Representative 2005-2006
61. Cathy Alcantara, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2011-2012
62. Patrick John Alcantara, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2004-2005
63. Tin Antonio, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2005-2006
64. Raffy Aquino, Councilor (SAMASA), 1981-1982 / CAS Representative, 1980-1981
65. Maria Isabel Artajo, Councilor (STAND UP), 2006-2007 / CAL Representative, 2005-2006
66. Joseph A.T. Ascalon, Councilor (SAMASA), 1989-1990
67. Jeronimo Ascue, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2015-2016
68. Rita Ataviado, Councilor (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1986-1987
69. Jenna Mae Atun, Councilor (Independent), 2006-2007
70. Eunica Aure, Councilor (STAND UP), 2003-2004
71. Nickson Austria, Councilor (STAND UP), 2003-2004
72. Lucho Ayala, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2012-2013
73. Jonas Bagas, Councilor (ISA), 1997-1998
74. Chesa Baltazar, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2006-2007
75. Melvin Banzon, Councilor (KAISA-UP), 2011-2012
76. Jamie Bawalan, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2014-2015
77. Tina Benipayo, Councilor (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1986-1987
78. Denise Robins Bonustro-de Jesus, Councilor (LEAD-CHE), 2004-2005
79. Tin Borja, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2010-2011 / CSSP Representative, 2009-2010
80. Pat Bringas, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2012-2013
81. Melvir Buela, Councilor (STAND UP), 2002-2003
82. Mikhail Lenin B. Bueno, Councilor (STAND UP), 2008-2009
83. Nad Bronce, Councilor (ISA), 1997-1998
84. Sarah Cabrera-Calipayan, Councilor (STAND UP), 2007-2008
85. Leila Nur Aryanna Canacan, Councilor (STAND UP), 2012-2013
86. Satria Candao, Councilor (STAND UP), 1997-1998
87. Ryan Caparas, Councilor (UP ALYANSA / AKMA), 2002-2003
88. Sahlee Carino-Camposano, Councilor (SAMASA), 1991-1992 / Economics Representative, 1990-1991
89. Carlos Enrico Clement, Councilor (KAISA-UP), 2012-2013
90. Felizardo Colambo, Councilor (SAMASA), 1981-1982
91. Niza Concepcion, Councilor (SAMASA), 1991-1992
92. Krissy Conti, Councilor (STAND UP), 2002-2003
93. Oscar Benedict “Junjun” Contreras III, Councilor (SAMASA), 1990-1991
94. Jing Corpuz, Councilor (STAND UP), 1996-1997, 2002-2003
95. Susan Corpuz, Councilor (SAMASA), 1992-1993 / CFA Representative, 1991-1992
96. Jeff Crisostomo, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2007-2008
97. Bernadette David-Pangulayan, Councilor (SAMASA), 1982-1983
98. Jeffrey David, Councilor (Independent), 2004-2005
99. Jethro David, Councilor (Independent), 2014-2015
100. Jose Crisostomo DG. David, Councilor (STAND UP), 2003-2004
101. Marck Bryan “Chorva” David, Councilor (KAISA-UP), 2010-2011 / AIT Representative, 2008-2009
102. Christine Jill Z. de Guzman, Councilor (STAND UP), 2000-2001
103. Marvee Dela Resma, Councilor (KAISA-UP), 2010-2011
104. Gil de los Reyes, Councilor (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1985-1986
105. Abdel Jamal Disangcopan, Councilor, 2004-2005
106. Bang Dizon, Councilor (STAND UP), 2008-2009 / CAL Representative, 2007-2008
107. JM Empig, Councilor (Independent), 2001-2002
108. Soraya Elisse Escandor, Councilor (STAND UP), 2011-2012
109. Maria Ana Espinosa, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2012-2013
110. Rudilicia P. Espiritu-Orbon, Councilor (STAND UP), 2000-2001
111. Jed M. Eva III, Councilor (ISA), 1995-1996
112. Carlo Fabregas, Councilor (ISA), 1997-1998
113. Juan Paolo Fajardo, Councilor (STAND UP), 2006-2007
114. Wilma Flor Famoso, Councilor (SAMASA), 1990-1991
115. Rafael Luis Rodolfo V. Fernando, Councilor (KAISA-UP), 2013-2014
116. Baba Foronda, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2015-2016 / Economics Representative, 2014-2015
117. Viktor Andre Fumar, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2015-2016
118. Cupid Gascon, Councilor (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1985-1986
119. Luis Jose F. Geronimo, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2009-2010
120. Anna Maria Gonzales, Councilor (SAMASA), 1981-1982 / Architecture Representative, 1980-1981
121. Missy Gonzales, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2009-2010
122. Carla Monica Gonzalez, Councilor (KAISA-UP), 2013-2014 / CHE Representative 2012-2013
123. Maritess Gozon, Councilor (PRO-STUDENT), 1999-2000
124. Francisco Jayme Paolo A. Guiang, Councilor (STAND UP), 2012-2013
125. Anatoly Gusto, Councilor (SAMASA), 1996-1997
126. Eric C. Guray, Councilor (STAND UP), 2001-2002
127. Joseph Gutierrez, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2008-2009
128. James Hermogenes, Councilor (STAND UP), 2000-2001
129. Jeffrey Hidalgo, Councilor (STAND UP), 1998-1999
130. Maria Carmen Hinayon, Councilor (SAMASA / AKMA), 2001-2002
131. Nico Ibaviosa, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2010-2011
132. Josh Jaena, Councilor (SAMASA), 1991-1992
133. Teresa Lorena Jopson, Councilor (STAND UP), 2002-2003
134. Kriska Kalingking, Councilor (KAISA-UP), 2010-2011
135. Aisa King, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2007-2008
136. Pola Lia Celina L. Lamarca, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2014-2015
137. Stephen Larcia, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2008-2009
138. Jo-Ann Latuja-Diosana, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2007-2008
139. Vincent Lazatin, Councilor (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1986-1987
140. Raphael Aaron A. Letaba, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2013-2014 / CBA Representative, 2014-2015
141. Vince Renzo Liban, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2015-2016
142. Ace Ligsay, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2011-2012
143. Mico Angelo Maestro, Councilor (STAND UP), 2008-2009
144. Arnaldo C. Malabanan Jr., Councilor (STAND UP), 2005-2006
145. Maria Veronica Manalo, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2014-2015
146. Norman Manguinao, Councilor (Independent / PRIME), 1999-2000 / Engineering Representative (ISA), 1998-1999
147. Paolo Marco Mapula, Councilor (STAND UP), 2007-2008
148. Mai Marcelo, Councilor (SAMASA), 1993-1994
149. Louie C. Montemar, Councilor (SAMASA), 1989-1990
150. Mark Navata, Councilor (Independent), 2015-2016
151. Kali Navea-Huff. Councilor (STAND UP), 2015-2016
152. Alett C. Nunez, Councilor (ISA), 1994-1995
153. Christopher Louie Ocampo, Councilor (Independent), 2005-2006
154. Jamir Ocampo, Councilor (Independent), 2005-2006
155. Norman Roland E. Ocana III, Councilor (STAND UP), 2005-2006
156. Bernard Ong, Councilor (SAMASA), 1986-1987
157. Brian Ong, Councilor (KAISA-UP), 2009-2010
158. Paolo Pagaduan, Councilor (SAMASA), 1997-1998
159. Miguel Enrico Aguiling Pangalangan, Councilor (STAND UP), 2014-2015
160. Allan Pangilinan, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2015-2016 / CSSP Representative, 2014-2015
161. Luis C. Pañgulayan, Councilor (SAMASA), 1981-1982, 1982-1983
162. Bien Peñaranda, Councilor (SAMASA), 1999-2000
163. Liberty Palomo-Quiambao, Councilor (Independent), 2000-2001
164. Glenn Mark Pamplona, Councilor (Independent), 1997-1998 / Engineering Representative (ISA), 1995-1996
165. Ivan Picazo, Councilor, 2004-2005
166. Ma. Regina Punzalan, Councilor, (KAISA-UP), 2012-2013
167. Miro Quimbo, Councilor (SAMASA), 1987-1988, 1988-1989
168. Genesis Revee Rapallo, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2012-2013
169. Edwin Reyes, Councilor (ASA), 1987-1988
170. Rina Reyes-Manuel, Councilor (SAMASA), 1991-1992
171. Beatrice Miranda Reyno, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2015-2016
172. Raymond Rodis, USC Councilor (Independent) 2014-2015
173. Regine Rodriguez, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2014-2015 / Economics Representative (Independent), 2013-2014
174. Simoun Montelibano Salinas, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2010-2011
175. Nina Rica M. Santamaria, Councilor (ISA), 1997-1998
176. Lindley Santillan, Councilor (ISA) 1995-1996
177. Jayson Edward San Juan, Councilor (SAMASA), 2000-2001
178. Alexandra Maria Francia Santos, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2012-2013
179. Marilou Santos, Councilor (SAMASA), 1983-1984
180. Carl Santos, Councilor (STAND UP), 2014-2015
181. Maria Regina Corazon Sevilla, Councilor (STAND UP), 1998-1999
182. Honee Cheline So-De La Paz, Councilor (SAMASA), 1995-1996
183. Popo Soriano, Councilor (Nagkaisang TUGON) 1985-1986 / Engineering Representative, 1984-1985
184. Ernesto Tabujara III, Councilor (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1988-1989
185. Fahima “Fudge” Tajar, Councilor (STAND UP), 2008-2009
186. Adib A. Tamano, Councilor (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1985-1986
187. Walter Martin Sumakwel M. Tamayo, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2014-2015
188. Lee Obias Tan, Councilor (KAISA-UP), 2009-2010
189. Julian “Tolits” Tanaka, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2014-2015, 2015-2016
190. Ariel B. Tanangonan, Councilor (SAMASA), 1990-1991 / CSSP Representative, 1989-1990
191. Maria Antonia N. Tanchuling, Councilor (SAMASA), 1986-1987
192. Giovanni Tapang, Councilor (SAMASA), 1993-1994 / CS Representative (Independent), 1990-1991
193. Emil Benjamin Tapnio, Councilor, 2004-2005
194. TJ Tijam, Councilor (SaPi/Convergence), 2001-2002
195. Leila Menchani Tilendo, Councilor (STAND UP), 2014-2015
196. Liza Tumbocon-Guevara, Councilor (Nagkaisang TUGON) 1985-1986
197. Cristina Uy-Tioco, Councilor (ASA), 1987-1988 / Councilor (SAMASA), 1986-1987
198. John G. Velasco, Councilor (SAMASA), 1994-1995
199. Mars Veloso, Councilor (STAND UP), 2007-2008
200. Mots C. Venturina, Councilor (STAND UP), 2011-2012
201. Rhoda Viajar, Councilor (SAMASA), 1993-1994
202. Sol Vicencio, Councilor (UP ALYANSA), 2012-2013
203. Peachy Viniegra, Councilor (ISA), 1995-1996
204. Fra Angelico Viray, Councilor (STAND UP), 2011-2012
205. Victor Villanueva, USC Councilor (STAND UP), 2008-2009
206. Vince Yambao, Councilor (ISA), 1994-1995
207. Ma. Christine Bactol, AIT Representative (KAISA-UP), 2014-2015
208. Michael Peñas Banaag, AIT Representative (ISA), 1995-1996
209. Sheena Anjeli Botiwey, AIT Representative (KAISA-UP), 2009-2010
210. Juan Carlo Danganan, AIT Representative (KAISA-UP), 2010-2011
211. Erika Mary Erro, AIT Representative (KAISA-UP), 2012-2013
212. Shine Lubaton, AIT Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2005-2006
213. John Bernard Rolle, AIT Representative (KAISA-UP), 2015-2016
214. John Carlo Senas, AIT Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2006-2007
215. Raphaello D.V. Alba, Architecture Representative (Independent), 2014-2015
216. Farah Golda Barrios, Architecture Representative (SAMASA), 1990-1991
217. Jan Carlo del Rosario, Architecture Representative, (KAISA-UP), 2009-2010
218. Duchess Aleksei Duque, Architecture Representative (Independent), 2011-2012
219. Jose Ruel Fabia, Architecture Representative (KAISA-UP), 2013-2014
220. Alexander Dominic Mayoralgo, Architecture Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2010-2011
221. Peter Paredes, Architecture Representative (STAND UP), 2012-2013
222. Roland Eric Reyes, Architecture Representative (SAMASA), 1989-1990
223. Cathy Saldaña, Architecture Representative (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1987-1988
224. Marc Virtucio, Architecture Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2008-2009
225. Isabelle Therese M. Baguisi, CAL Representative (STAND UP), 2008-2009
226. Leslie Anne Marie Corpuz, CAL Representative (STAND UP), 2014-2015
227. Tricia Rachelle Cusi, CAL Representative (STAND UP), 2006-2007
228. Eds Gabral, CAL Representative (STAND UP), 2012-2013
229. Myx Sebastian, CAL Representative (STAND UP), 2010-2011
230. Issey Sugiyama, CAL Representative (STAND UP), 1998-1999
231. Benjie Allen Aquino, CBA Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2015-2016
232. Englebert Chua, CBA Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2010-2011
233. Oliver Co, CBA Representative (UP ALYANSA), 1st Semester 2007-2008
234. Wesly Paul Cortez, CBA Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2011-2012
235. Jonas Cruz, CBA Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2012-2013
236. Fenina De Leon, CBA Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2013-2014
237. Norberto Geraldez, CBA Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2008-2009
238. Luis Diego Lee, CBA Representative, (UP ALYANSA), 2nd Semester 2007-2008
239. Tonipi Paruñgao, CBA Representative (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1981-1982
240. Armando Cris “Acee” S. Abulencia, Education Representative (STAND UP), 2008-2009
241. Maria Cristina O. Brandares, Education Representative (STAND UP), 2009-2010
242. Shamah Bulangis, Education Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2013
243. Montana Dominguez, Education Representative (STAND UP), 2010-2011
244. Sandee Marie Flores, Education Representative (STAND UP), 2005-2006
245. Jose Orlando E. Hormigos, Education Representative (Nakaisang TUGON), 1985-1986
246. Gladys Venus Jose, Education Representative (STAND UP), 2002-2003
247. Paula Mae J. Mendoza, Education Representative (STAND UP), 2007-2008
248. Christopher E. Omega, Education Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2012-2013
249. Ma. Patricia Carmela Roxas, Education Representative (Independent), 2014-2015
250. Raymond Reyes Sebastian, Education Representative (Independent), 1999-2000
251. Hernan Barce, Engineering Representative (KAISA-UP), 2006-2007
252. Michael Bryan Bien, Engineering Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2010-2011
253. Rashell Cabrera, Engineering Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2008-2009
254. Cyrus Dickson Cruz, Engineering Representative, (KAISA-UP), 2010-2011
255. Nina Fleta, Engineering Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2001-2002
256. Ruth Jacobe-Pagilagan, Engineering Representative (Independent), 1997-1998
257. Emman Llanes, Engineering Representative (SAMASA), 1989-1990
258. Leo Lobigan, Engineering Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2014-2015
259. Daniel Raymund Nieva, Engineering Representative (KAISA-UP), 2013-2014
260. Justin Alfred Palino, Engineering Representative (KAISA-UP), 2012-2013
261. April Rose Ramos, Engineering Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2013-2014
262. Francesca Cielo Ravanes, Engineering Representative (KAISA-UP), 2009-2010
263. Ana Sandejas, Engineering Representative (Independent), 1999-2000
264. Cheryl Siy, Engineering Representative (KAISA-UP), 2014-2015
265. Francis Joseph Seriña, Engineering Representative (KAISA-UP), 2007-2008
266. Antares Gomez Bartolome, CFA Representative (STAND UP), 2006-2007
267. Carlos de Laza, CFA Representative (KAISA-UP), 2013-2014
268. Tarik Garcia, CFA Representative (STAND UP), 2003-2004
269. Sara Zemirah Go, CFA Representative (KAISA-UP), 2012-2013
270. Rudolph Guibani, CFA Representative (STAND UP), 2009-2010
271. Manuel Mesina III, CFA Representative (STAND UP), 2008-2009
272. Marielle Nadal-Reyes, CFA Representative (STAND UP), 2001-2002
273. Ana Patricia Non, CFA Representative (STAND UP), 2014-2015
274. Hillary Camille Abandula, CHE Representative (KAISA-UP), 2015-2016
275. Karmela Victoria Abesamis, CHE Representative (KAISA-UP), 2010-2011
276. Ralph “Dhadi” Adviento, CHE Representative (KAISA-UP), 2009-2010
277. Michael Angelo Alacapa CHE Representative (KAISA-UP), 2006-2007
278. Lana Braganza-Paruñgao, CHE Representative (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1986-1987
279. Erliza Cabisidan, CHE Representative (LEAD-CHE), 2004-2005
280. Juan Miguel Eslava, CHE Representative (KAISA-UP), 2007-2008
281. Miriam Lorenzo-Roxas, CHE Representative (SAMASA), 1995-1996
282. Timothy James C. Mateo, CHE Representative (KAISA-UP), 2011-2012
283. Anna Alexandra Nacional, CHE Representative (KAISA-UP), 2013-2014
284. Joy Peña-Schallenberg, CHE Representative (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1983-1984
285. Maria Isabela Aurellado, CHK Representative (KAISA-UP), 2013-2014
286. Roi Marcial, CHK Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2014-2015
287. Leandro Angelo Y. Aguirre, Law Representative (Independent), 2006-2007
288. Arnel Casanova, Law Representative (SAMASA), 1996-1997
289. Ma. Florence Therese Martirez-Cruz, Law Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2010-2011
290. Aldrick Daven Mendoza, Law Representative (Independent) 2015-2016
291. Bayan Joseph A. Quiñones, Law Representative (Gabay), 2000-2001
292. Ma. Christina Reyes, Law Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2012-2013
293. John Paul Rotap, Law Representative (Independent), 2013-2014
294. Sophia Monica V. San Luis, Law Representative (Independent), 2008-2009
295. Michael Tiu, Jr., Law Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2011-2012
296. Stella Cadiz, CMC Representative (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1984-1985
297. Jo Javan Cerda, CMC Representative (Independent / CMC ISA), 2009-2010
298. Forsyth Cordero, CMC Representative (Independent), 2000-2001
299. Nigel Cornel, CMC Representative (Independent / CMC ISA), 2010 -2011
300. Carla Cucueco, CMC Representative (Independent / CMC ISA), 2013-2014
301. Josalee S. Deinla, CMC Representative (STAND UP), 2005-2006
302. Ruth Anne Miguel, CMC Representative (STAND UP), 2008-2009
303. John Benedict Opinion, CMC Representative (STAND UP), 2014-2015
304. Gail Orduña, CMC Representative (STAND UP), 2011-2012
305. Lady Ann Salem, CMC Rep (STAND UP), 2003-2004 / 2004-2005
306. Sarah Isabelle Torres, CMC Representative (STAND UP), 2012-2013
307. Karol Mark Yee, CMC Representative (Independent / CMC ISA), 2006-2007
308. Roxy Aldiosa, Music Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2010-2011
309. Trisha Bautista, Music Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2011-2012
310. Kriselda Dionisio, Music Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2009-2010
311. Patricia Erika T. Poblador, Music Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2012-2013
312. Stefanie D. Quintin, Music Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2013-2014
313. Yanni Robeniol, Music Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2015-2016
314. Serene Ezra Bondad, CS Representative (KAISA-UP), 2012-2013
315. Jacqueline Canlas, CS Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2010-2011
316. Dyan Hatague, CS Representative (KAISA-UP), 2008-2009
317. Eugenio Leynes, CS Representative (KAISA-UP), 2009-2010
318. Joanne Rose Sace Lim, CS Representative (KAISA-UP), 2015-2016
319. Ryan Cristian V. Lintao, CS Representative, 2014-2015
320. Patrick Ostrea, CS Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2006-2007
321. Jewell Segismundo, CS Representative (STAND UP), 2004-2005
322. Bea Helene Tan, CS Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2011-2012
323. Ram Vincent Tomaneng, CS Representative (KAISA-UP), 2013-2014
324. Ezra M. Valido, CS Representative (STAND UP), 2005-2006
325. Chris Erwin Alquizalas, CSSP Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2013-2014
326. Jay Bagcal, CSSP Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2008-2009
327. Joeric Emil P. Crescini, CSSP Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2012-2013
328. Sarah Mae Estrella, CSSP Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2015-2016
329. Joseph Anthony Lachica, MD, CSSP Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2001-2002
330. Mae Palgan, CSSP Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2007-2008
331. Dan Christian E. Ramos, CSSP Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2011-2012
332. JC Tejano, CSSP Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2010-2011
333. Ador Tolentino, CSSP Representative (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1985-1986
334. Audrey Antoniano, CSWCD Representative (STAND UP), 2014-2015
335. Kent D. Avestruz, CSWCD Representative (STAND UP), 2003-2004
336. Alain B. Baguisi, CSWCD Representative (STAND UP), 2005-2006
337. Mary Philline Descalzo, CSWCD Representative (STAND UP), 2015-2016
338. Anton Dulce, CSWCD Representative (STAND UP), 2007-2008
339. Pablo Lucero, CSWCD Representative (STAND UP), 1999-2000
340. Rey Albin M. Poticar, CSWCD Representative (SAMASA), 1991-1992
341. Markus San Gabriel, CSWCD Representative, (KAISA-UP), 2011-2012
342. Aya Santos, CSWCD Representative (STAND UP), 2001-2002
343. Victor “Zoe” Obedicen, CSWCD Representative, 1996-1997
344. Mark Joseph Tagala, CSWCD Representative (STAND UP), 2012-2013
345. Erika Isabel Yague, CSWCD Representative (STAND UP), 2013-2014
346. Tani Basman, IIS Representative (STAND UP), 2007-2008
347. Francesca Anne Louise Angeles, NCPAG Representative (KAISA-UP), 2013-2014
348. Nathaniel Anumba II, NCPAG Representative (SAPI), 2001-2002
349. Greg Delgado, NCPAG Representative (STAND UP), 2003-2004
350. Ryan Ferrer, NCPAG Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2007-2008
351. Desiree Ico, NCPAG Representative (KAISA-UP), 2010-2011
352. RB Mallari, NCPAG Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2004-2005
353. Barbie Kaye Perez, NCPAG Representative (KAISA-UP), 2009-2010
354. Arnold Cesar Romero, NCPAG Representative (SAMASA), 1999-2000
355. Jan Mikhail G. Solitario, NCPAG Representative (Independent), 2014-2015
356. Carlo Sison Go, Economics Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2010-2011
357. Christian Dave G. Gonzales, Economics Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2015-2016
358. Justin Muyot, Economics Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2009-2010
359. Jihan Zillah Osorio-Tan, Economics Representative (Independent), 2002-2003
360. Marian Panganiban, Economics Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2007-2008
361. Anna Lorem Ramos, Economics Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2003-2004
362. Pierre Martin Reyes, Economics Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2008-2009
363. Camille Sevilla, Economics Representative (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1985-1986
364. Kelvin Tagnipez, Economics Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2011-2012
365. Annie V. Trinidad, Economics Representative (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1984-1985
366. Maien Vital, Economics Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2006-2007
367. Errol Zshornack, Economics Representative (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1986-1987
368. Gay G. Benueza, SOLAIR Representative (Nagkaisang TUGON), 1987-1988
369. Glenn Barbara, SLIS Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2006-2007
370. Roscelle Cruz, SLIS Representative (STAND UP), 2012-2013
371. Stephen Kyler Manliclic, ILIS Representative (Independent), 2004-2005
372. Orly Putong, SLIS Representative (STAND UP), 2011-2012
373. Hazel Mary Rodelas, SLIS Representative, (STAND UP), 2008-2009
374. Lester Cajegas, Statistics Representative (STAND UP), 2009-2010
375. Christine Rose Frincee Ciubal, Statistics Representative (STAND UP), 2002-2003
376. Ma. Cristina Lascano-Zapanta, Statistics Representative (Independent), 2004-2005
377. Kat Lentija, Statistics Representative to the USC (Independent), 2011-2012
378. Cris Ian Mendoza, Statistics Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2014-2015
379. Jeyson Ocay, Statistics Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2008-2009
380. Bill Maverick Orquin, Statistics Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2015-2016
381. Monnette Velarde, Statistics Representative (SAMASA), 1999-2000
382. Stephen Jun Villejo, Statistics Representative (UP ALYANSA), 2012-2013