June 7, 2005 · Posted in: In the News

The Palace and the Tape

MANILA’S coffeeshops are always abuzz with rumors. So when we heard the tape story at Café Havana in Greenbelt two weeks ago, we didn’t give it much credence. The cafés of this city teem with tall tales and it is often difficult to separate the chaff from the grain.

But on Sunday, Malacañang itself issued a statement saying the tape was part of another destabilization plot. It was a classic PR maneuver. By preempting the release of potentially incriminating information, the Palace was doing damage control and wresting the PR initiative from its opponents.

But by issuing a press statement, the Palace was also showing its hand: It was a signal that there was more to the tape than just café society talk.

This is the story we have so far pieced together from both opposition and administration sources, all of whom spoke to us on condition of anonymity. Pieces of the story are still missing, but it does look like the tale itself will unravel in the next few days.

The postelection wiretaps were apparently done by intelligence officers on orders from their superiors. The motives for the tapping remain unclear. Some sources say that they were probably tapping not so much the president (who has said that she frequently changed telephones) but Comelec Commissioner Virgilio Garcillano. 

The CD containing the tapped conversations found its way to the opposition about a month ago. The original tape, both opposition and administration sources say, is about two hours long, and contains various conversations from late May to early June 2004. What Malacañang has so far released (see previous blogs) are portions of the tape in which the conversations of President Arroyo and her husband are included (May 26, 27, 28 and 31 and June 1, 2, 6, 8 and  10).

The opposition knew the tape was explosive but was also astute enough to know that it had to be released by a nonpartisan group. Besides, wiretapping is illegal. There were long discussions on how and when the tape should be released. A copy of the CD and the transcript were given to former Erap lawyer Alan Paguia, who was asked to look into the possible legal charges that could be brought against officials on the basis of the tapes.

Apparently, opposition sources say, Paguia, whose lawyer’s license was suspended in 2003 for conduct unbecoming of a lawyer, saw his chance to grab “15 minutes of fame.” He made his own version of the CD, with only the juiciest conversations included and with himself as narrator. He also planned to release the tape himself. The other oppositionists, however, managed to dissuade him from doing so, but by now copies of various versions of the tape were in various hands.

It is not clear how the Palace got hold of the tape, but one opposition version is that Malacañang probably obtained copies released by oppositionist Herman Tiu Laurel, who was boasting at the Sulo Hotel on Saturday morning that he had distributed the CDs to soldiers going to Mindanao. 

It is possible that Malacañang got hold of the CD from military sources. At any rate, the Palace insiders panicked when they learned that the tape was going to be released Monday, June 6. (Willie Villarama, who was Mrs. Arroyo’s chief of staff when she was senator, was actually texting journalists on Saturday, saying that the opposition was releasing a tape. The Palace seems to have gotten its information wrong, because the press conference scheduled Monday was one orchestrated by Homobono Adaza, who didn’t have the tape, and instead released some innocuous video footage).

Nonetheless, on Saturday, there was a frantic meeting between the President and her closest advisers. The tape was played, and someone who was there said “it could send chills down your spine.” There was genuine concern and real worry about the implications of the recording. It was not quite panic, says one source, “more like a mild tremor.” Various options were discussed. The most extreme one, said an informed administration source, was that the First Gentleman should be “taken out” of the way. (This option, however, has been discussed in many other previous Palace meetings.)

It was also at the Saturday meeting that it was decided that the Palace should preempt the opposition by issuing the statement about the destabilization plot.

Word about the meeting soon spread to the Cabinet and other Arroyo allies, all of whom appeared shaken Saturday night. “They all felt the tape was real,” said one source.

Presidential spokesperson Ignacio Bunye says that the “original tape,” which involved not Garcillano but a certain “Gary” (identified today as Edgardo Ruado, chief of staff of Rep. Ignacio Arroyo) landed on his desk on Sunday. Opposition sources, however, say that “Gary” was the wiretapper’s code for Garcillano.

On Monday, Bunye released two versions of the tape, and it’s these versions which we’ve heard on radio and TV. Some sources say, however, that none of these versions is the real one. But someone, somewhere, has the master tape.

The tale is not over. We have been told that in the next few days, the “real” and longer version of the tape will come out, and with it, possibly also the officers who did the wiretaps.

42 Responses to The Palace and the Tape



June 7th, 2005 at 8:32 pm

Just heard Chiz and Digs with the same script on different radio programs. Of course, their scripts wouldn’t hold water but nonetheless given credibility by the radio programs.

Geez.. wire tapping is illegal, yet someone can wiretap the President.

Everyone believes PGMA cheated in the past election. Everyone believes that everybody cheated in the past election. What’s important is something that can be taken to court, which the wiretaps do not present. It will remain therefore as gossip.

Did you guys heard the tapes, and do they sound like Garcillano?



June 7th, 2005 at 9:51 pm

presidential phone calls

INSIDE PCIJ: Stories behind our stories: has what they’ve been able to piece together on an emerging major issue. Allegations of the President of the Philippines being caught on tape conspiring with other officials to cheat in the last



June 7th, 2005 at 11:43 pm

Monitored dzmm program this afternoon . They interviewed Garcillano. When the anchors asked the listeners if the just- interviewed garcy and the man in the tape were one and the same guy, the result was overwhelming yes .



June 7th, 2005 at 11:59 pm

DOJ Secretary will charge those in possession of the audio CD. Well let me have the CD and let the DOJ Secretary or NBI arrest me. This will show to the whole world that we have plunge back to Martial Law.

I wish the whole 3 hours be uploaded to the internet.


Alecks Pabico

June 8th, 2005 at 12:07 am

Inq7.net has made the taped phone conversations available for download in MP3 format.



June 8th, 2005 at 12:14 am

No matter if it’s real or not and illegal to wiretap. No President should be talking to a Comelec Official at all. She got caught with her hand inside the cookie jar.


Dennis Legaspi

June 8th, 2005 at 12:41 am

I am just wondering if this one is just a diversionary tactic of Malacanang to remove the focus of the people from the issue of jueteng involving the First Gentleman and the son?



June 8th, 2005 at 3:20 am

correction, wiretapping is not always illegal.

if this were a diversionary tactic, it’s only succeeding in diverting from one catastrophe to another. if this were some pr guy’s tactic to take the heat off gma then he might as well have pushed her off a precipice.

the doj secretary is acting more and more like a personal attorney for the arroyos. i guess this is double payback time.

being able to bring evidence to the courts is not a factor here. what will be crucial is what the public sentiment would be. if the public is (finally) roused to conclude that gma and her family are up to no good to a “nakakasuka level” then that’s it, she’s done.

how funny that this wiretapping issue comes at the heels of the outing of deepthroat.


Global Voices Online»Blog Archive » Tuesday Global Blog Roundup

June 8th, 2005 at 6:18 am

[…] yer, is that someone needs to be in jail… we’re just not sure who. Inside PCIJ has more background on the scandal. Latin America The big story in Bolivia is the resignation of President Carlo […]



June 8th, 2005 at 6:48 am

Overyone believed that GMA cheated during the last election. Therefore, the mass circulation of this tape and the panicky (read: stupid) response by Malacanang by substantiating it through a “preemptive release” by Secretary Bunye would further send the GMA government down the hole.

Shall we now start a countdown to this callous government?



June 8th, 2005 at 10:31 am

And then what? Replace it with the opposition who is as just dirty as well? I am not saying we are not against the incumbents, but it’s like a lose-lose situation out there.


nenita s. yi

June 8th, 2005 at 11:14 am

tama nga tlga ang hinala non pa naman na mangdaraya tlaga c gloria ayan na nga lumabas na ang katotohanan hahaha cno ngaun ang naka2hiya bistado na cya lalo ngaun napa2nood at naba2sa na d2 sa pama2gitan ng internet.

south korea,



June 8th, 2005 at 11:22 am

Granting what Feeb said was correct, then it invalidates this present regimes assumption to power in the first place.

The arguement that it is not right to replace a dirty government with one that is as dirty is the same thing that happened when Erap’s government was replaced. Why would we condone a government that replaced a previous dirty one when it is as dirty as its predecesor?

If we are to carry on with this philosophy then no change could ever come to our nation as it stagnates with the current corruption in government. The democratic principle that a government is of the people, by the people and for the people is the reason why we should always be vigilant in checking those who govern us. This is our government in the first place and the only reason why we wallow in this shit we are in is that we stay mum underneath the asses of our so-called leaders

We do not know for now who will lead us in the future, but I would be more content that I’ll not be led by someone who had cheated in one of the most sacred democratic institution that is the elections.



June 8th, 2005 at 12:04 pm

So much have been said.. the question is, if there was cheating last election why that tape just come out only now.. Bakit pinagsabay sa jueteng issue. Could that be diversionary tactic or there’s some people out there to destabilize the present government. Our political situation had normalize the past months then here they go again, they are trowing everything to bring down the present government where foreign investors keep on coming. Why don’t they offer solution to problems our government is facing.

Why Sen. Pimentel is keep on talking on every issue? Bakit siya bumaligtad sa Jose velarde issue. Did he forget Clarissa Ocampo, who witnessed Erap signed as Jose Velarde. They better stop politicking. There’s a lot of things to do in the senate rather than investigating in aid of legislation. They just wasting people’s hard earned money. If they have the evidences they have to file them directly to the proper court. People are tired of too much politics. That’s why we cannot blame if more of our kababayans left our country. Too much politics drive away investors and even our kababayans.



June 8th, 2005 at 1:17 pm

Pulitika ang nakalatag
sa mesa ng taong bayan.




June 8th, 2005 at 1:38 pm

Both parties cheated during the election, which many are amenable (and in a TV show when the opposition were asked if they did not cheated, there was just silence, and as we were taught in class silence means yes 😉 ). When my friends and I are discussing this, we finally settle down that no government leaders so far, not even any opposition parties had made significant changes to develop the country because it’s in the system already. Individual changes, persistence, and industry are needed more than who is in position. Anyways, I think this one is a diversionary tactic. Why, you ask? Because everyone is discussing this topic right now 😉 hehehe.



June 8th, 2005 at 2:13 pm

uh, whatever happened to President Arroyo’s new Lopez group spin doctors anyway?

I’m supposed to draft a client-requested resolution for local governaments to sign this week in support of the Arroyo administration but I’d rather bring out the popcorn instead and enjoy the ongoing politico-criminal fireworks display.



June 8th, 2005 at 2:23 pm

am radio stations are playing apparently longer versions of the tape/s and one portion not included in the bunye-released tape/s cite a portion where gary/garcillano tells presumably fg mike arroyo that he wants the family of one “rufo/rufus” abducted by one “wahab” because the former apparently wants to be a witness in a dagdag-bawas complaint against gma.

mike arroyo apparently concurs with gary/garcillano’s statement.

gary/garcillano: “ipapadampot ko pamilya niyan…kailangan si wahab…para si wahab at hindi ang presidente…”

if things are taken as they are, the First Family – within the context of Philippine realpolitik – is apparently not only involved in money laundering, jueteng, poll rigging but also kidnapping?



June 8th, 2005 at 2:39 pm

i think
1. both parties cheated during the elections. what we hear are the normal conversations going on during this process. She sounded more like a general commanding her troops because she knows that in the philippines elections is WAR. Do i agree with it of course not and to think that this will keep on frightens me.
2. they must really think the people are total idiots to believe their denials such as Garcy(llano) but the opposition with escudero does not really give a viable alternative. So who do we see at the united opposition meeting… Maceda, Jv, Honasan…. oh my God they will kick out gloria to put in someone from those guys???
3. i feel bad that GMA found herself in a bind like this. There are really costs to leadership. She seems to be really trying her best. Damn all those special interest groups. If i was her do an elizabeth. Or the least a Thacher. Admit to the people that this things are part of our growing pains. I think the people will understand. We know all those things are going on. even in the jueteng issue those things mentioned is common knowledge to ordinary folks. Don’t try to make fools of ordinary folks. Otherwise you lose.



June 8th, 2005 at 2:41 pm

Well what we are seeing now is what Marcos did to this country, Remember 1972. It took us 14 years 1986 to oust this dictator. What we have is a person in government who doesn’t have the mandate of the people. I just wonder what Nonoy Acquino would be thinking now. Cory Acquino got cheated the same way. Why is she so quiet now.



June 8th, 2005 at 2:51 pm

Well this Incriminating audio CD is not even the bottom of it. What about the money that was used to mobilize the Cheating machinery? Why dont the BIR go after the comelec comissioner? Lets show examples here. Trying her best or not, Stealing of government money still continues. Our Budget decifits are being finance will dollar denominated debts. Who ends up paying for it? Will it be Jose Pidal, Mikey Arroyo and Mike Arroyo? The new tax measure simply allowed these people to get more money.



June 8th, 2005 at 2:55 pm

Sad to say. Our righteous CBCP have been silent lately. Maybe its okay to cheat with the bishops blessings. Well just go back to Rizal’s two books and you see how things haven’t change since then. But I salute certain bishops like Cruz who never bend their principles unlike others



June 8th, 2005 at 3:13 pm

Last but not the least. Coincidence or not. FBI’s Deep Throat who brought down U.S. President Nixon was identified after all these years. Then these audio CDs surface. Who could be Gloria’s Deep Throat?



June 8th, 2005 at 3:21 pm

I’m just wondering why people went luddite and claimed the alleged difficulty of wiretapping into digital cellular phone lines.

The majority of software and hardware equipment of local telcos’ infrastructures here are imported from overseas such as the United States and the equipment has been rendered wire-tap friendly to aid law enforcement in its effort to conduct surveillance of digital telephone networks.

Shiela herself says:

The postelection wiretaps were apparently done by intelligence officers on orders from their superiors.



June 8th, 2005 at 4:58 pm

Actually our cellular phone technology is based on GSM a European standard. Yes there are means of tapping the call made but it would require very sophisticated equipment. Only government law enforcement agencies can purchase and operate it. Tapping a wireless phone is like having a cloned SIM of the person you want to tap. They say a GSM phone can never be cloned. Well if you know how terrorist are being tracked when they make satellite phone calls (Abu Sayaff rescue). Then your guess is as good as mine who is very capable of doing it.



June 8th, 2005 at 5:35 pm

when somebody uses the excuse of “well, the other side cheated rin naman eh”, it only shows na the one making that statement is

a) admitting that his/her candidate cheated
b) it’s okay to cheat because the other side “did it too”.

ang problema dito is that yung mga kaalyado lang ni GMA ang nagsasabi na nandaya si FPJ, without any credible evidence, unlike the ones presented against GMA’s massive cheating…

isa pa, sino ba ang may kakayahan sa police at military, unlimited gov’t money, gov’t resources, including 2 partisan appointments at the COMELEC (Garci and Barcelona, IIRC) to pull this off on a massive scale?



June 8th, 2005 at 9:41 pm

US Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice is said to be quite disdainful of Mrs. Arroyo, who only pretended to stand with America in order to win an invitation to the White House and be in place to take the 2004 elections.

Her swift capitulation to terrorists in Iraq has certainly led to no increased security for OFWs there and elsewhere, as subsequent kidnappings prove. What’s worse is, our friends around the world have surely put us down in the column that many of Filipinos themselves have always put the Makapili traitors of Pampanga in. Those traitors were not black and white evil-doers in cahoots with the Kempetai. Rather they were mostly women and men whose relatives were kidnapped and threatened with death or worse if they did not give up the guerillas in their barrios. So they masked themselves and did so, to save their own children in many cases. But in a time of war, such treachery is still regarded by us now, in a time of peace, with utter disdain.

Unfortunately we are all Makapilis now, thanks to GMA, who in effect said, “Don’t kill my Filipino children [or my political career], kill the Japanese instead, behead the Poles and Koreans and Brits and Americans, but not us, with our tails between our legs.”

I think the latter have finally had enough of her, knowing that a corrupt President of a failed Republic is a terrible security risk and a source of great danger to them and us. They are afraid the upcoming “peace treaty” with the MILF will fling Mindanao’s doors wide open to the Jemaah Islamiyah and other Al Qaeda nihilists who see the possibility of a vast expansion of their murderous enterprise in the lands that ring the vastness of Sulu-Sulawesi seas. And the clumsy, deluded attempt to balance China against America whilst opening up the archipelago’s precious under sea realms to them just reeks of her ka-plastikan…

I couldn’t agree more. Bring it on, Uncle Sam!



June 8th, 2005 at 9:52 pm

Paguia, whose lawyer’s license was suspended in 2003 for conduct unbecoming of a lawyer

It’s not like Paguia committed any crime or something serious like that. He just asked the Davide SC to answer 12 simple questions.

For that alone, the guy got suspended indefinitely.

Pikon lang talaga at partisan ang SC ni Hilarious Davide.

More here on Paguia from Dean Jorge Bocobo’s blog.



June 8th, 2005 at 10:01 pm

btw, pansin ko yung malaya na ang madalas mag-print ng PCIJ articles

today alone, malaya printed 2 PCIJ articles. One from the PCIJ blog


the other re “The boys aren’t in school and they can’t find jobs either”




June 8th, 2005 at 11:18 pm

Well did you hear MBC’s(Makati Business Club) Mr. Luz in ABS-CBN? He sounds like he wants the job of Mr. Bunye. I say let him have it. These people welcomes cheating in the election. Well their business probably exist because they also apply the same cheating ways.



June 8th, 2005 at 11:49 pm

gma is not lily-pure in this, so dont feel bad for her. there’s a duality about her: she works hard but she makes decisions based on less than stellar or noble motivations, like appointing the 2 comelec commissioners with questionable credantials, not reigning in her husband and son (and brother-in-law), junking a productive party-mate for her green, alias-using brother-in-law, standing by nani perez amidst allegations of money laundering etc.



June 9th, 2005 at 3:31 am

all this talk about the tapes (faked original and originally fake) will ultimatley lead to nothing. sure, most people are fed up with GMA as shown by her negative ratings and believed that FPJ won as shown by SWS surveys. But… the usual and more effective sectors are silent.
the church, the mainstream media people (who are only obliged to report the tapes because of its being newsworthy), the civil society and the left… Pity the Filipino people, pero tiisan na lang.WHERE IS THE OUTRAGE –IT IS IN THE POWERLESS MASSES.


Tales of the Unlawyer »

June 9th, 2005 at 6:58 pm

[…] > June 9, 2005 @ 6:56 pm · Filed under Politics THE PALACE AND THE TAPE: Inside PCIJ, the official blog of the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism, sup […]



June 10th, 2005 at 12:00 am

Well looks like Tita Cory who once was a victim of electoral fraud supports cheating. Lets just hope Ninoy Aquino will be able to understand her actions.



June 10th, 2005 at 11:36 am

GMA has always been a cheat. while working with DTI she has been “really good” to people close to her to the point of withdrawing/blocking admin cases to these people. case in point is one of her alleged “close friends” while still working with dti as sec.: this friend of hers uses the the government as a milking cow for his family’s gas expenses, evrytime he pumps gas to his vehicle his son tags along for free gas. for some reason they were caught redhanded. papers were built up against this person but never materialized due to GMA’s intervention. now she is becoming a monster of a president!!!



June 10th, 2005 at 6:37 pm

Well the military and police are still singing GMA’s tune. Lets see how long it will last. The money will eventually flowing and when that happens……I think the next step GMA has to do so the money continues flowing is to start jeuteng operations again which Bishop Cruz would closely watch



June 23rd, 2005 at 8:04 pm

GMA will surely stay silent on the wiretap controversy. Her only way out is to let those standing agaist her exhaust their legal means, which will only be through congressional hearings, where she has the majority as political allies.

If the hearings commenses without any triggering event to catapult another EDSA revolt, she will succeed in eluding this controversy and will let the issue die down as other national issues are being fabricated for Filipino’s consumption.

Or even if a triggering event would happen, mass actions will have much difficulty in turning into successful revolt since her PNP’s and Militaries are always put into high alerts with high presense on the ground, let her thank her lessons from EDSA III and Oakwood.

And if more public clamor would occur to ask for justice on this eletoral fraud, the administration would have the reason to unleash martial law.

GMA could exhaust all her means to elude persecution but truth and justice will find its way to penetrate and crash her fraud government.



June 23rd, 2005 at 8:46 pm

Hey check this Laura Branigan’s song Gloria. bagay na bagay kay GMA. Actually sa DZMM ko una nadinig ito sa program nila Karen Davila
Gloria – by Laura Branigan
Gloria, you’re always on the run now
Running after somebody, you gotta get him somehow
I think you’ve got to slow down before you start to blow it
I think you’re headed for a breakdown, so be careful not to show it
You really don’t remember, was it something that he said?
Are the voices in your head calling, Gloria?
Gloria, don’t you think you’re fallin’?
If everybody wants you, why isn’t anybody callin’?
You don’t have to answer
Leave them hangin’ on the line, oh-oh-oh, calling Gloria
Gloria (Gloria), I think they got your number (Gloria)
I think they got the alias (Gloria) that you’ve been living under (Gloria)
But you really don’t remember, was it something that they said?
Are the voices in your head calling, Gloria?
A-ha-ha, a-ha-ha, Gloria, how’s it gonna go down?
Will you meet him on the main line, or will you catch him on the rebound?
Will you marry for the money, take a lover in the afternoon?
Feel your innocence slipping away, don’t believe it’s comin’ back soon
And you really don’t remember, was it something that he said?
Are the voices in your head calling, Gloria?
Gloria, don’t you think you’re fallin’?
If everybody wants you, why isn’t anybody callin’?
You don’t have to answer
Leave them hangin’ on the line, oh-oh-oh, calling Gloria
Gloria (Gloria), I think they got your number (Gloria)
I think they got the alias (Gloria) that you’ve been living under (Gloria)
But you really don’t remember, was it something that they said?
Are the voices in your head calling, Gloria?
(Gloria, Gloria, Gloria, Gloria, Gloria)
(Gloria, Gloria, Gloria, Gloria, Gloria)



June 28th, 2005 at 9:20 am

Now that GMA has admitted that it’s her on the recordings the NBI and the other “law enforcement agencies” will now have to tell us what they will do next about the wiretapping case. Is the president going to formally complain that her phone call to “an official of the COMELEC” was illegally recorded apparently by military intelligence agents?

On the side, may we suggest that the PCIJ and other responsible media entities make available the recording of the President’s remarks last night? It would be a great service for us to be able to closely listen to the voice of the chief executive as she confesses about her “lapse of judgement”.

I will not be surprised if the latest incarnation of the Hello Garci ringtone will be the back-to-back splicing of “Hello, Garci?…. I am sorry…”

At least this time, we are certain the latest recording was not illegally wiretapped…. :)



October 13th, 2005 at 12:11 am

lest it be forgotten, gloria’s legitimacy as the president is still in question. the fifteen (15) lapses in judgment she made after most of the senators-elect were proclaimed and before the presidential winner was proclaimed attest to this fact. up to now gloria has not answered all the questions she is asked. she and her cohorts buried the forum for this opportunity and to this day, they are continuing to let the truth rot deeper underground.

no amount of surveys (as if gloria really believes in them…what say she with her dismal approval ratings and that majority of Filipinos want her out? – the trouble is that she is not only a “transactional” president but “selective” as well) will erase in the minds of those who really listened to the tapes how she made a fool of herself and raped the very institution the Filipinos considered sacred (not to mention the destruction she did to the office of the president and armed services). gloria acknowledged it’s her voice (though, like mawanay, mahusay, doble, etc., she is trying to recant – her “i am sorry” spiel) and her lawyer tongue-slipped it was garcillano (the great escapist) on the other line.

in short, she flunked the 4-way test! i believe each and every Filipino should listen to the tapes and then ask themselves: did she lie, did she cheat, did she steal, and did she do a cover-up? before anything else…before defending her…before we move on…

before we say it’s not right to air our grievances…NOT to her, of course! for in the first place, she is not our president.


Manuel L. Quezon III: The Daily Dose » Blog Archive » The wisdom of crowds

June 6th, 2007 at 6:48 pm

[…] It’s hard to imagine it’s been a mere two years since rumors began to circulate that there was a tape -a dangerous tape. Then Jove Francisco wrote When does “Hello” mean goodbye? And the PCIJ wrote The Palace and the Tape, and I wrote The “Hello” heard ’round the world, beginning a personal odyssey (see Media can’t be held liable for releasing tapes and  A happy shrewdness, Machiavelli suggests; and recall the two truncated versions of the tapes and the eventual full, three-hour version) that culminated in my online manifesto, Where I stand, on June 16, 2005. From there, it was, perhaps, inevitable that I’d decide on the course of action I proposed in Redemption, June 30, 2005,when I added my voice to those calling for the President’s resignation. […]


Philippine Political Links: June 6 2007 - The Voice of The Filipino - Tingog.com

June 7th, 2007 at 7:04 am

[…] Manuel reminds us all of the anniversary of the ‘Hello Garci’ tape leaks, and the buzz that ensued, as media latched on to the biggest story of the year, and the PCIJ story that followed. And Manuel also observes, as I have been observing along with many of our fellow Filipino Bloggers as well as media, that The Administration will continue with its move to change the charter. […]

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